Add a Guard Bed and increase capacity economically

CLG's Upflow Reactor (UFR) process enables refiners to increase capacity or improve product quality from a fixed bed RDS reactor. Like OCR, UFR is an up flow guard-bed reactor that is added to the processing scheme before the fixed bed RDS unit. However, it is less expensive to implement than OCR because it does not include the onstream catalyst replacement transfer system.

When adding a UFR reactor, refiners can increase feed throughput and/ or process heavier feeds with higher levels of contaminant metals while maintaining excellent product qualities. UFR provides lower pressure drop increase across the reactor loop than that which would be realized if a traditional down flow fixed bed reactor were added. Consequently, capacity of the system can be increased by as much as 50%.

Capacity of RDS units increases significantly when they are operated in conjunction with UFR unit.
Capacity of RDS units increases significantly when they are operated in conjunction with UFR unit.

The principle advantages of the UFR are:

  • low pressure drop, no need to change out recycle compressors
  • low plugging tendency due to the slightly expanded catalyst bed
  • opportunity to increase capacity as much as 50% in limited plot space

UFR is the most effective way to revamp an existing unit at minimum cost. If you want to process heavier feeds in the future, the OCR catalyst transfer system can be economically added. UFR provides the refiner with the greatest flexibility to meet future processing needs.

The benefits of UFR include:

  • ability to process less expensive heavy, high metals feedstocks
  • prevention of guard-bed plugging problems
  • ability to increase feed rate due to the low pressure drop across the reactor
  • ability to add catalyst transfer system later
  • longer life of downstream fixed bed catalyst

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